Journal Article Remote determinations on fumarole outlet temperatures in an eruptive volcano

Tsunogai, Urumu  ,  Cheng, Lin  ,  Ito, Masanori  ,  Komatsu, D. Daisuke  ,  Nakagawa, Fumiko  ,  Shinohara, Hiroshi

43 ( 22 )  , pp.11620 - 11627 , 2016-11-28 , Wiley
Direct measurement of the fumarole outlet temperature in active volcanoes is impractical. Therefore, we used an aircraft to sample H2 in the volcanic plume ejected from Sakurajima volcano to remotely estimate the highest fumarolic temperatures of the volcano based on hydrogen isotopic fractionation between H2 and magmatic H2O. We successfully estimated that the δD of the fumarolic H2 in September and December 2014 was −135 ± 13‰ and −113 ± 11‰, respectively, and that the corresponding highest outlet temperatures were 1050 ± 120°C and 1199 ± 139°C. Although the temperatures were higher than those determined by using infrared remote sensing, we concluded that they are more reliable estimates of the highest fumarole outlet temperatures. Combined with plume sampling by using aircraft, remote temperature sensing based on the δD of H2 in volcanic plumes can be widely applied to active volcanoes to determine the highest fumarole outlet temperatures.
American Geophysical Union

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