||Spin and charge transport induced by a twisted light beam on the surface of a topological insulator
Shintani, Kunitaka ,
Taguchi, Katsuhisa ,
Tanaka, YukioKawaguchi, Yuki
195415 , 2016-05 , American Physical Society
We theoretically study spin and charge transport induced by a twisted light beam irradiated on a disordered surface of a doped three-dimensional topological insulator (TI). We find that various types of spin vortices are imprinted on the surface of the TI depending on the spin and orbital angular momentum of the incident light. The key mechanism for the appearance of the unconventional spin structure is the spin-momentum locking in the surface state of the TI. Besides, the diffusive transport of electrons under an inhomogeneous electric field causes a gradient of the charge density, which then induces nonlocal charge current and spin density as well as the spin current. We discuss the relation between these quantities within the linear response to the applied electric field using the Keldysh-Green's function method.