Socioeconomic Characteristics of First-Generation Nikkei Peruvians Who Remained in Japan During and After the Lehman Shock (2009-2014)Socioeconomic Characteristics of First-Generation Nikkei Peruvians Who Remained in Japan During and After the Lehman Shock (2009-2014)
In Japan there are ethnic groups, such as Nikkei Peruvians, who have been permitted to enter Japan as a descendants of Japanese people since 1990. Now, they continue to reside in Japan with their second-generation families. This study shows the reasons why Nikkei Peruvian family residents in Japan decided to continue staying there even after the Lehman Shock in 2008. Using interviews, surveys and regression analysis, this research found the main variables that helped them in their decision to stay in Japan. Firstly, I analyzed the social and economic situations of Nikkei Peruvians in 2009 (during the crisis) and then I compared the results with those in 2014 (after the crisis). Finally, to support these results I performed a case study with five families. Based on the results, this study found that marital status and Japanese language are the main variables during the crisis in 2009 and that age and children are the main variables after the crisis in 2014. I ascertain that children, age, Japanese language ability and their marital status are the most important variables that influence first generation Nikkei Peruvians in their decision to continue staying in Japan during and after a world crisis happens. I argue how those characteristics across Nikkei Peruvians in the initial period 2009 change over time in 2014. Thus, this study found that Nikkei Peruvians first generation did not condition their decision even with an improving Peruvian economy.