Departmental Bulletin Paper 中国におけるエネルギーモデルの転換とグリーン発展

戴, 彦德  ,  薛, 進軍  ,  DAI, Yande  ,  XUE, Jinjun

64 ( 1 )  , pp.1 - 21 , 2016-06-30 , 名古屋大学大学院経済学研究科
Through more than three decades of high growth on its way to becoming the second largest econ­omy in the world, China has driven a rapid increase in world energy demand. Primary energy con­sumption in China grew rapidly, from 570 million tonnes coal equivalent in 1978 to 4.26 billion tonnes coal equivalent in 2014. However, the model of high-carbon energy consumption, with coal as the main energy source, has caused global problems such as large emissions of greenhouse gases and destruc­tion of the natural environment. In China today, as the dependence on imports of petroleum and natu­ral gas has been rising steadily, these energy issues are a major impediment to sustainable develop­ment. To realize its economic development goals, China must shift its development mode from a high­-energy consuming, high-carbon and high-pollution economy to a low-energy consuming, low-carbon and low-pollution economy. Therefore, it is critical to improve the efficiency of energy use, promote the development of clean and low-carbon energy, as well as encourage green consumption among citi­zens.

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