Departmental Bulletin Paper 戦時下から戦後改革期における下村湖人の教育思想と実践

上原, 直人  ,  UEHARA, Naoto

12pp.33 - 44 , 2016-03-31 , 名古屋大学大学院教育発達科学研究科附属生涯学習・キャリア教育研究センター
Kojin Shimomura (1884-1955) was known as a youth organization leader before the war, and he influenced the formation of social education in the post-war reform period. The aim of this paper is to clarify how, during the war and then when facing the democratization of post-war Japan, he consistently maintain ed his pre-war educational philosophy, by considering the characteristics of his educational thought and its practice from the period during the war to the post-war reform. At first glance, Shimomura seems to have internalized contradictory attitudes in that, on the one hand, during the war, he participated in the wartime regime while stressing the importance of national ideals; but, on the other hand, he also displayed a.n attitude of resistance against the wartime regime, criticizing t he government and military while continuing to pursue his educational ideals. Yet for Shimomura, there was no contradiction. Though he did not directly participate in post-war education reforms, Shimomura maintained the educational thought and its practice that he had developed before the war and wrote of educational concepts that were rooted in the citizens of the local community while connecting these concepts to the promotion of social education. With regards to the influences Shimomura had on the form of post-war social education, rather than externally analyzing them in the context of a conventional historical view of social education, it is necessary to internally analyze his educational thought and its practice.

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