Departmental Bulletin Paper 職業系学生の職業的資質形成に関する縦断研究 : 日韓3職業系短期大学・専門学校生の比較

寺田, 盛紀  ,  イー, ミョンフン  ,  石嶺, ちづる  ,  TERADA, Moriki  ,  LEE, Myunghun  ,  ISHIMINE, Chizuru

12pp.1 - 13 , 2016-03-31 , 名古屋大学大学院教育発達科学研究科附属生涯学習・キャリア教育研究センター
This paper is a longitudinal research on vocational competencies and values of vocational colleges' 342 students in Japan (Japanese two colleges 227) and South Korea (125). Methodologically, the author used two time's questionnaire surveys to the same respondents in college year 2013 and 2014. Questionnaire was constituted of 30 variables of career and study activities, 30 variables of vocational competencies, and 27 variables of vocational values. Analytical results are as follows. First, six factor scales for vocational competencies and five factor scales for vocational values are abstracted from factor analyses by principal factor and oblique rotation methods. Their factor structures and factor names are mostly same as the other survey conducted in college year 2013. But, interestingly, most factor scales of vocational competencies evolved in factor scale average values, but scales of vocational values did not evolve at all. The author interprets it depends on the developmental structure in which students tend to make rather efforts much more for career preparation after graduation than their values creations. Secondly, there are some clear differences in most factor scales between Korean students and Japanese ones. Korean students are always positive in their estimation to each questions. The author consider the reason why Japanese students are negative to responses mainly depends on Japanese higher education system in which short term vocational institutes for vocational education can't provide degree through vocational education in Japanese specialized training colleges or students can't confirm the relevance between curriculum studies and future careers. Thirdly, we can confirm some effects of students' studies for specialized courses or volunteer activities on development of two vocational competences, the scale "work management skill" and the scale "technical skill".

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