Departmental Bulletin Paper Healthcare in Myanmar

Nyi, Nyi Latt  ,  Su, Myat Cho  ,  Nang, Mie Mie Htun  ,  Yu, Mon Saw  ,  Myat, Noe Htin Aung Myint  ,  Aoki, Fumiko  ,  Reyer, Joshua A.  ,  Yamamoto, Eiko  ,  Yoshida, Yoshitoku  ,  Hamajima, Nobuyuki

78 ( 2 )  , pp.123 - 134 , 2016-05 , Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, School of Medicine
Myanmar transitioned to a civilian government in March, 2011. Although the democratic process has accelerated since then, many problems in the field of healthcare still exist. Since there is a limited overview on the healthcare in Myanmar, this article briefly describes the current states surrounding health services in Myanmar. According to the Census 2014, the population in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar was 51,410,000. The crude birth rate in the previous one year was estimated to be 18.9 per 1,000, giving the annual population growth rate of 0.89% between 2003 and 2014. The Ministry of Health reorganized into six departments. National non-governmental organizations and community-based organizations support healthcare, as well as international non-governmental organizations. Since hospital statistics by the government cover only public facilities, the information on private facilities is limited. Although there were not enough medical doctors (61 per 100,000 population), the number of medical students was reduced from 2,400 to 1,200 in 2012 to ensure the quality of medical education. The information on causes of death in the general population could not be retrieved, but some data was available from hospital statistics. Although the improvement was marked, the figures did not reach the levels set by Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5. A trial prepaid health insurance system started in July 2015, to be followed by evaluation one year later. There are many international donors, including the Japan International Cooperation Agency, supporting health in Myanmar. With these efforts and support, a marked progress is expected in the field of healthcare.

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