A Study on the Actual Situation and Issues the Developmental Process of Administration and Finance System for Vocational Education at Upper Secondary Level
佐藤, 史人SATO, Fumito
54 , 2016-02-23 , 名古屋大学大学院教育発達科学研究科職業・キャリア教育学研究室
There are two aims in this study. One of them is to outline contents of the laws that are "Vocational Education Promotion Law" (Law No.228 of 1951) and the Japanese subsidy system for vocational education after WW II. Another one is to analyze the actual situation and issues for the developmental process of administration and finance system in vocational education. The conclusion is as follows. First, immediately the war, there was the local finance balancing subsidy system based on the Shoup taxation system advice. It was impossible to reinstate "Law concerning for Treasury Share of Vocational Education Expenses" (Law No.9 of 1914) and made be necessary to make a new system. The subsidy system for vocational education after WW II started when "Vocational Education Promotion Law" was established in 1951. When the establishment of a school intends to improve any facilities and equipment according to this law, the state shall subsidized within the limits of the budgetary appropriations. It was hoped that this system vocational education more practicable made. The subsidy system has carried out important functions for vocational education conditions until quite recently. Second, in the relationship to "the Reform of the Three Major Policies" that Cabinet Koizumi worked on, the subsidy system had functioned after WW II until the reform had changed. The local government subsidies of vocational education for high school were included in grants from central government to local governments. This new system that aimed revitalize the regional economy was important for the decentralization of administration, but it has not been effective in vocational facilities and equipment on each high school in local area. Finally, the author thinks that it is so important for every local administrative sectors to discuss on the educational expenses for vocational education.