In china, the differentiated use of family registry system and social security system in enduring rural and urban practices leads to research on household production function, branching into two primary categories, especially in empirical study. One concerns intra-farmer household division of labor; the other urban employment behavior. As with recent increase in migrant workers and diversification of urban employment, household production function has seen a corresponding increase in application such as allocation of time and labor supply etc. Not only has related theory seen considerable progress, but also have the fields where theory is applied been widened. With the deepening Chinese economic reform in the future, it is worthy to note the further development and application of household production function theory, and its contribution to related socio-economic policy as well.