Departmental Bulletin Paper 〈カロスなる生の終り〉と幸福なる者の条件 : Hdt.1.32.5‒9について

吉武, 純夫  ,  YOSHITAKE, Sumio

62pp.37 - 51 , 2016-03-31 , 名古屋大学文学部
When Solon visited the palace of the opulent king Croesus, he said to the king that he could not deny that the king was less worthy than common men until he would see the king end his life kalōs. But what is the meaning of ʻending oneʼs life kalōsʼ? What is the substance of this modification? In this case the meaning of kalōs must be very different from what it means when illustrating a good death in battle. For the king to be deemed worth no less than common men, not so much will be required, while one meaning of the adjective kalos is ʻacceptableʼ. Then the possible idea is a death with acceptable level of inconvenience, any death that is not too bad in short. It is implied already in that passage that the first and the most essential requirement for Croesus to remain a blest is just not to die badly.

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