児童相談所の現場からの研究をどう行うか : 子ども虐待の現場実践からのモデル構築に向けて児童相談所の現場からの研究をどう行うか : 子ども虐待の現場実践からのモデル構築に向けて How to conduct research from the field of a child guidance center: For the model construction from the child protection practice
In the face of an increasing number of serious child maltreatment cases, the role of a child guidance center becomes more important. There is a big task to construct theory about the child protection practice to achieve accountability, and it is required to impart the clinical wisdoms accumulated in the field of a child guidance center to the next generations. This paper starts with an overview of the research from the field of a child guidance center, and then considers the whole concept of the research methods for the model construction from the child protection practice. While a case study has an important role in clinical psychology, it is not easy for the workers of a child guidance center to have opportunities to report their own practices due to a matter of research ethics. Ideally, parental consent to a case report should be obtained prior to initiating treatment. However, it is almost impossible to do so because child maltreatment cases at a child guidance center often begin with a confrontational situation. In effect, the only way to conduct a case study about the practice at a child guidance center is to get parental consent after a successful family reunification. The Grounded Theory Approach (GTA) is a research method for looking systematically at qualitative data with the aim of generating theory. Although it is hard to elicit consent to a case report from the parents of irreconcilable cases, researchers should be able to gain the cooperation from the workers of a child guidance center to gather narrative reports. A hypothesis generated by GTA, which integrates the narrative data of the workers, is helpful to understand the child protection process. This paper mainly focuses on the qualitative research methods. However, it is important to select the best way from various options because every research method has good points and bad points.