||Социальное положение и обучение ремесленных учеников Санкт-Петербурга в XIX-начале XX в
Social status and education of craftsmen apprentices in St. Petersburg (19th - early 20th centuries)
Keller, Andrei Viktorovich
35 , 2015-10-31 , 名古屋大学大学院教育発達科学研究科 技術・職業教育学研究室
With the development of education in craft guilds it became possible to supply qualified personnel for small, medium and large-scale industry in St. Petersburg. It is no coincidence that large production units in factories were called guilds, which included metalwork, blacksmithing, carpentry, wheelwork and other trades. In craft guilds the production hierarchy included the guild master, who oversaw several workshops, and each workshop contained a craft master, journeymen and apprentices. Additionally, there was a complement of laborers, who had no any special education. From 1722 to the early 20th century, education in craft guilds progressed along a controversial and difficult path, on which ignorance and lack of professionalism coexisted with Russian Kulibin and Polzunov. In this paper, the author outlines the evolution of education in craft guilds and demonstrate how it was possible to transform the craft guild into an institution that contributed to the industrial revolution.
科学研究費補助金事業(基盤研究(B))「北欧における職業教育･訓練の改革に関する総合的研究 : 新しい「徒弟訓練」を中心に」(研究代表者: 横山悦生)中間報告書(その2)