Departmental Bulletin Paper First year survival of patients on maintenance dialysis treatment in Poland

Brodowska-Kania, Dorota  ,  Rymarz, Aleksandra  ,  Gibiński, Krzysztof  ,  Kiełczewska, Julia  ,  Smoszna, Jerzy  ,  Saracyn, Marek  ,  Szamotulska, Katarzyna  ,  Niemczyk, Stanisław

77 ( 4 )  , pp.629 - 635 , 2015-11 , Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, School of Medicine
Retrospective analysis of demographic and clinical data of all patients starting dialysis over two years in our Department (n = 105) has been conducted. Factors such as type of dialysis treatment, reason of end-stage renal disease, Body Mass Index (BMI), laboratory tests results, number and cause of death during first year of dialysis were taken under consideration. Five patients have been excluded from the analysis of mortality (four received renal transplantation, one changed dialysis center). Twenty tree deaths have been noted during first year of dialysis treatment. Nine of them occurred during the first three months of therapy. The leading cause of death was cardio-vascular events (n = 14, 60.9%), the second was malignancy (8, 34,8%), one patient died due to catheter associated infection. Malignancy as a cause of end-stage renal disease, lack of outpatient nephrology care, acute mode of beginning renal replacement therapy and lack of erythropoiesis stimulating agents therapy were associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality during first year of dialysis. Being under the outpatient nephrology care, etiology of ESRD other than malignancy and erythropoiesis stimulating agents therapy were independently associated with better survival during this period of time. Other independent variables did not reach statistical significance. To conclude, in order to improve one year survival of dialysis patients, outpatient nephrology care with adequate amount of visits and associated dialysis therapy should be employed.

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