Departmental Bulletin Paper Gamma knife radiosurgery of craniopharyngioma: results of 30 cases treated at Nagoya Radiosurgery Center

Kobayashi, Tatsuya  ,  Tsugawa, Takahiko  ,  Hatano, Manabu  ,  Hashizume, Chisa  ,  Mori, Yoshimasa  ,  Shibamoto, Yuta

77 ( 3 )  , pp.447 - 454 , 2015-08 , Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, School of Medicine
Evaluation of 30 cases of craniopharyngioma treated by Gamma Knife at Nagoya Radiosurgery Center (NRC), Nagoya Kyoritsu Hospital since July, 2004 has been made. The mean volume of the tumor was 2.64 ml, which was treated with the marginal dose of 11.7 Gy. Mean follow-up period was 79.9 months. The effects were evaluated by MRI findings, neuro-endocrine and hypothalamic signs and symptoms, complications and KPS every 3~6 months. As the results, complete remission was obtained in 8, partial remission in 12, no change in 6, progression in 3, in which two died by hypothalamic invasion. Tumor response rate was 68.9% and control rate 87.9%. Actuarial survival was 96% at 5 and 86% at 10 years. However, progression free survival was 76% and 76%, respectively. Using marginal dose of 11.7Gy to a smaller tumor, better control without complications has been obtained. KPS was excellent in 14, good in 9, fair in 2, poor in 1 and unknown in a case. Finally, there were three deaths, where two were died of tumor progression and one by infirmity. The progression of hypothalamic symptoms other than diabetes insipidus were found in two cases. Volume reduction and effective dose setting will be important for the improvement of QOL and survival after combined microsurgery and radiosurgery of craniopharyngioma.

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