Science and the Thought in Kyoson Tsuchida in the Late 1910s
川合, 大輔KAWAI, Daisuke
171 , 2015-03-31 , 名古屋大学文学部
The purpose of this article is to consider the thoughts of a Japanese intellectual on what is now known as the humanities. The reason for this study is to reflects on the epistemological foundation in the modern and contemporary study of historical thought in Japan while considering the purpose of expanding the ideas of the field of the humanities. In this article. I reexamine ideas of Kyoson Tsuchida in the late 1910s to achieve this purpose. In order to do this, I look carefully at how Kyoson regarded the humanities and natural sciences. This article consists of four chapters in total. In Chapter 1, at first I drew a sharp distinction between the conceptual differences between reality and value. Then, I confirm that reality is related to the natural and the value is related to history. Lastly, I confirm that nature is established from the methodological viewpoint of natural science and history is established from the methodological viewpoint of the humanities. In Chapter 2, I discuss the history of thought based on the speech of Kyoson and how the interest of in epistemology was the tendency of the times. In addition. from this. I confirm that an intellectual came to think carefully about the meaning of and differences between the methodological viewpoints of natural science and the humanities. In Chapter 3, I discuss how the heart of Kyoson's ideas developed toward metaphysical problems after thoroughly pursuing epistemology. The reason that Kyoson thought this way is that, as a critic of civilization, he placed great value on the perception of reality and wanted to uproot the conditions in which the methodological viewpoint of the humanities remained stagnant. In Chapter 4, I show the origin of civilization studies founded by Kyoson, and I consider his ideas of the cusp to stand as a civilization critic.