||参与の周縁 : 庄内黒川能調査をめぐる自己言及的覚書
Periphery of Participant Observation : An Auto-ethnography on the Kurokawa Noh in Shonai District
18 , 2017-03-31 , 九州大学大学院人間環境学研究院教育学部門
This paper is a self-referential report regarding an ethnological research of Kurokawa Noh by the author. At the same time, it is a kind of attempt at auto-ethnography. What motivated me to make this report is a collaborative study which investigated the process of how researchers is participated themselves in the societies they focused on in their ethnological or anthropological field investigations, using an index of embodied knowledge. In my case, I focused on the socio-cultural community of folklore Noh plays (Kurokawa Noh) in Shonai District in Yamagata Prefecture. In order to conduct the ethnological field work, I tried to observe the following two cultural communities. For one of them, I participated in a community where Kurokawa Noh was handed down, associating the citizens and Noh players there. Then, I participated in the social and cultural world of Noh plays comprised of Noh play lovers and performers, as well as the body of knowledge of Noh plays, which is one of the Japanese traditional performing arts. Especially, in the case of the latter, not only did I learn Noh by literatures, but I also watched a variety of folklore Noh plays and learned about them by doing Mai and Utai. By describing the process of my participation in the two communities, I found the following three points. 1) As the research on folklore Noh plays advanced, for me, learning about Noh, which had been only a measure of research, turned into an object, an interest, and a joy in itself. 2) By learning that Mai and Utai represent stories about the local guardian god in the Noh class of my home town, I was able to have an experience to feel an attachment and an identity to my home town through bodily performing. 3) Experiences shown in 1) and 2) enabled me to set out a course for implicitly understanding the folklore Noh plays, which are connected to particular districts or lives, seen from the viewpoint of the peoples there.