Relationships between a change in mental health and life habits of university freshmen students
須﨑, 康臣 ,
杉山, 佳生斉藤, 篤司
88 , 2017-03-24 , 九州大学健康科学編集委員会
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of life habits on the change in mental health of university freshmen students. The participants were 136 university freshmen (107 males and 29 females ; 18.40±.67 years). Data were collected on four occasions over the first semester. Survey items included mental health (life satisfaction, life volition, psychological stress, social stress, and fitness stress) and life habits (exercise habits, health condition, breakfast, sleep and fitness condition). The change in mental health was investigated by using a repeated ANOVA. The results revealed that scores for life satisfaction, life volition and fitness stress were higher in the first instance than each of the other three instances. The fourth instance had higher scores in psychological stress than the first and second instances. The second and fourth instances had lower scores in social stress than the first. Next, latent growth modeling was used to examine the influence of the life habits score on the change in mental health score. With the life volition change factor, there were positive effects on breakfast habits (intercept). There were negative effects of health condition (intercept) and exercise habits (slope) on psychological stress and fitness stress. Social stress had a negative effect on exercise habit (intercept). These findings, in spite of a limited sample and statistical method, may suggest that life habits have an effect on the improvement of mental health in university freshmen students.