Implication of evaluating motor function and physical frailty in elderly patients with heart disease
内藤, 紘一熊谷, 秋三
17 , 2017-03-24 , 九州大学健康科学編集委員会
Along with the general Japanese population, patients with heart disease undergoing cardiac rehabilitation are also aging. It is suggested that knowledge of motor functions and physical frailty among elderly patients with heart disease is important. Recent literature on the motor function of elderly patients with heart disease suggests a decline in the motor function compared with menopausal heart disease patients, especially in the balance function. Furthermore, due to interdependence of the motor functions, there is a high possibility that the decline progressively accelerates, thereby increasing the risk of falling. As a result, special cardiac rehabilitation programs may be needed for elderly patients with heart disease. In addition, literature reveals that heart disease and physical frailty were mutually exacerbating factors of heart disease in elderly patients. Moreover, it has been shown to adversely affect mortality, morbidity, re-hospitalization, falls, daily living functions, etc. As a result, the importance of countermeasures to physical frailty among elderly patients with heart disease was suggested. In future research, we consider investigating tools to screen risk of falling from the existing evaluation of motor functions and examination of the relationship between physical frailty and health-related quality of life.