Departmental Bulletin Paper 日本語受身文と中国語訳文の対応性に関する一考察 : 「主語省略」の直接受身文を中心に
A Contrastive Analysis between the Japanese passive sentences and their Chinese translations : With Special Reference to the Direct Passive without Subject

梅, 佳  ,  松村, 瑞子

36pp.27 - 41 , 2016-03-18 , 九州大学大学院言語文化研究院
In the Japanese language, the passive is one of the voices and constitutes a grammatical category. On the other hand, there is no grammatical category of voice in Chinese, where the passive is expressed only by means of functional words and word order. This difference causes a great difficulty to Chinese learners of Japanese. It is an important subject in the Japanese teaching and translation to carry out research on the proper use of the Japanese passive voice. Therefore, this paper, through empirical study, makes a contrastive analysis of Japanese sentences which include the direct passive with no subject, and their corresponding Chinese translations taken from a Chinese-Japanese corpus. It attempts to clarify the differences in the use of passive in Japanese and Chinese, as well as to explore the degree of correspondence between Japanese and Chinese uses. This paper emphasizes the utility of the research and hopes that it will be applied to the Japanese-Chinese translation and the Japanese language teaching.

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