Journal Article 中国延吉市における情報サービス産業の進出と停滞 : 韓国企業の動向を中心に
The Slowdown of ICT Service Business Expansion in Yanji City, China : Focus on Korean Enterprises
チュウゴク エンキツシ ニ オケル ジョウホウ サービス サンギョウ ノ シンシュツ ト テイタイ : カンコク キギョウ ノ ドウコウ ヲ チュウシン ニ

阿部, 康久

11pp.71 - 79 , 2016-03 , 日本都市地理学会
ISSN:1880-9499
NCID:AA12476874
Description
中国・延辺朝鮮族自治州の延吉市を対象として,情報サービス産業の進出と停滞について従業員の雇用条件等に注目して検討した.調査結果として,延吉市内には,主に国内企業や韓国企業を中心に情報サービス産業のある程度の立地がみられる.同市への企業進出は2006年頃から顕著になり始めたが,当初は,韓国語を理解できる朝鮮族住民が多く,しかも賃金水準が低かったことが進出の大きな要因となっていた.しかしながら,2008年以降は,リーマンショック等の金融危機が起こったことに加えて,賃金水準の上昇が顕著になったことで一部の進出企業では経営状況が悪化するものや撤退するものもみられた.一方,賃金水準は以前に比べると上昇しているものの,国内の他地域や海外を勤務地とする求人に比べると依然として低い水準にあることが分かった.この要因として,求人の職種や勤務内容をみると,高賃金が期待できるものが少ないことが指摘できる.
We investigated the slowdown of ICT service business expansion in the city of Yanji, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, China, focusing on the employment conditions of workers. The results of our study revealed that within Yanji, the ICT service industry is composed primarily of both domestic and Korean companies. The arrival of Korean companies into Yanji began noticeably around 2006. Initially, the major reasons for this arrival were the abundance of ethnic Korean residents who could understand the Korean language, and furthermore, the low wage levels. However, since 2008, due to financial crises such as the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers, and, in addition, due to a significant rise in the wage levels, a deterioration in the business conditions of some companies that entered into Yanji could be seen. Meanwhile, while the wage levels were increasing, compared with past levels, our study revealed that they were still low compared with wages offered in other regions of China and abroad. We observe that the reason for this condition is that few jobs being offered by ICT service companies in Yanji require a high level of education and skills. Therefore there were scant job offers where a high wage can be expected because of the classification of the position itself and job demands.
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http://catalog.lib.kyushu-u.ac.jp/handle/2324/1655045/abe_1655045.pdf

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