||「助動詞ラム」をめぐつて : その形態論的位置づけと關連する問題
On the morphological characterization of the Auxiliary verb RAMU and its related issues
27 , 2016 , 九州大学大学院人文科学研究院言語学研究室
The author is going to discuss on morphological and phonological properties of, in traditional Japanese study KOKUGOGAKU, so-called auxiliary verb RAMU and related some linguistic issues --especially verb’s that-- of Classical Japanese in this paper. In previous studies, this form, for instance KOKUGOGAKU, is thought as one of Auxiliary verb, but the other hand, this form was thought as inflectional clitic (for example Ooki(2010)) and so on. Against these previous studies, the author argues that this RAMU is inflection suffixes based on following 6 reasons. (1)All these, are so-called RAMU’s “word forms” in KOKUGOGAKU, are able to appear alone. (2)All these appear with words belonging to specific “part of speech”. (3)”Verbs” always ending with [u]. (4)All these do not require specific “Word form”. (5)RAMU itself has only specific “Word forms”. (6)All these appear in a final positon of continuous forms. And, the author suggests it is fair that the underlying forms of this RAMU are //urramu//, //urrame// in Classical Japanese of Kyoto dialect, Hei’an era, from very rare cases which these surface form are [urura…]. And so, By seeing records of Sho-ten materials, these reflect prosody –especially word that--, the author argues that it shows that this RAMU are suffixes making a phonological independent domain. In addition, the author suggests following points as matters related to RAMU. (1)The accent of verb is in root, not in suffixes, Underlyingly. (2)Underlying form of the so-called Auxiliary verb RASI is //urrasi//, too.