||Development of a scale to assess Chinese collage students' social skills in physical education classes
Ding, JiandongSugiyama, Yoshio
19 , 2016-03-28
In this study, based on Riggio's Social Skills Inventory (SSI), we developed a scale to assess college students' social skills in physical education (PE) classes. We selected and modified 12 items of the SSI by considering the specific context of PE classes. The items had to be answered using a 5-point Likert scale and were administered to 366 college students. We conducted exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory analysis, and based on the results, 1 item was deleted. The new scale consisted of two sub-scales, namely, verbal skills (five items) and nonverbal skills (six items), and the scores on the two sub-scales were founded to be adequately reliable and valid. Then, we analyzed the differences in scores based on gender and grade. The results revealed that there were no significant differences in social skills between male and female students. However, a significant difference in nonverbal skills was found between freshmen and sophomores. It is suggested that there may be a tendency for students' nonverbal skills in PE classes to improve through curriculum learning.